8 Tips for Everyday Eye Care
1. Practice frequent hand washing and avoid rubbing your eyes. The hands are exposed to a lot of dirt, dust, and bacteria. All of these can be easily transferred to your eyes each time you touch or rub them, so wash your hands well and avoid touching your eyes to prevent infection and irritation.
2. Protect your eyes from the sun. Exposure to sunlight and UV rays increases your risk for age-related macular degeneration and may cause cornea sunburn or photokeratitis. Wear sunglasses or UV-protected eyeglasses or contact lenses to protect your eyes. Wearing caps, visors, and hats is also advisable.
3. Stay hydrated. Sufficient fluid intake is essential to your body's overall wellbeing, including the eyes. If you're hydrated enough, you will prevent your eyes from getting dry and irritated.
4. Keep proper monitor distance and room lighting. Computer monitors should be positioned about an arm's length away from the eyes and 20 degrees below eye level. This keeps your eyes from getting strained. Likewise, make sure you have sufficient but diffused lighting in your room.
5. Observe the 20-20-20 rule. This rule suggests looking away from your computer every 20 minutes and fixing your gaze on an object 20 ft. away; blinking 20 successive times to prevent eye dryness; and getting out of your seat every 20 minutes to take 20 steps.
6. Get enough sleep. Just like the rest of your body, your eyes need to recharge, too, and this happens while you sleep. Make sure that you get sufficient shuteye each night to keep your eyes revitalized and healthy.
7. Wear the appropriate eye safety gear for different activities. No matter what you do, make sure that your eyes are protected. If you're going swimming, wear goggles. If you're working on a home project or are on the jobsite, put on safety glasses to protect your eyes from dust particles, bacteria, and injuries.
8. Keep your surroundings clean. Exposure to dirt and dust can irritate the eyes, so make sure that the places you frequent are well maintained and clean. Change your linens and towels regularly and keep your workstation clutter-free.